Expecting Exclusion: Does Bracing for the Worst Buffer the Pain of Social Exclusion

Jauch, Melissa and Büttner, Christiane M. and Rudert, Selma C. and Greifeneder, Rainer. (2022) Expecting Exclusion: Does Bracing for the Worst Buffer the Pain of Social Exclusion. European Journal of Social Psychology, 53 (4). pp. 746-765.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/91646/

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Evidence from different research areas suggests that expecting negative outcomes can buffer their adverse psychological effects. In the context of social exclusion, however, evidence for buffering effects of expectations on individuals' immediate need threat is mixed and has not been examined in terms of cognitive bracing . We present four studies ( N = 1159 ) that test two competing hypotheses (no buffering versus buffering effects) and focus on three explanations that may account for the previous mixed findings. Study 1 provides support for buffering effects. However, Studies 2, 3 and 4 do not replicate these effects. An integrative data analysis across the four studies using equivalence tests suggests no meaningful differences in need threat after exclusion. These results suggest that expectations alone may not suffice to buffer immediate need threat or negative affect after exclusion, and illuminate how prior seemingly contradictory evidence may align well. Conceptual and practical implications are discussed.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Society & Choice > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Jauch, Melissa and Büttner, Christiane M and Greifeneder, Rainer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
edoc DOI:
Last Modified:27 Dec 2023 02:30
Deposited On:19 Jun 2023 07:11

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