Ab initio machine learning in chemical compound space

Huang, Bing and von Lilienfeld, O. Anatole. (2021) Ab initio machine learning in chemical compound space. Chemical Reviews, 121 (16). pp. 10001-10036.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/87406/

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Chemical compound space (CCS), the set of all theoretically conceivable combinations of chemical elements and (meta-)stable geometries that make up matter, is colossal. The first principles based virtual sampling of this space, for example in search of novel molecules or materials which exhibit desirable properties, is therefore prohibitive for all but the smallest sub-sets and simplest properties. We review studies aimed at tackling this challenge using modern machine learning techniques based on (i) synthetic data, typically generated using quantum mechanics based methods, and (ii) model architectures inspired by quantum mechanics. Such Quantum mechanics based Machine Learning (QML) approaches combine the numerical efficiency of statistical surrogate models with an {em ab initio} view on matter. They rigorously reflect the underlying physics in order to reach universality and transferability across CCS. While state-of-the-art approximations to quantum problems impose severe computational bottlenecks, recent QML based developments indicate the possibility of substantial acceleration without sacrificing the predictive power of quantum mechanics.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Former Organization Units Chemistry > Physikalische Chemie (Lilienfeld)
UniBasel Contributors:von Lilienfeld, Anatole
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Jan 2022 16:35
Deposited On:27 Jan 2022 16:35

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