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You should go for diversity, but I'd rather stay with similar others: Social distance modulates the preference for diversity

Jaffé, Mariela Elena and Rudert, Selma C. and Greifeneder, Rainer. (2019) You should go for diversity, but I'd rather stay with similar others: Social distance modulates the preference for diversity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 85. p. 103881.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/72036/

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Abstract

Organizations often state that they value diversity. The workforce, however, is often quite homogeneous, reflecting a striking mismatch between aspirations and reality. Based on the distinction between desirability and feasibility concerns, we provide a psychological argument for this mismatch. We hypothesize that social distance influences individuals' choices regarding diversity. When being socially more distant, individuals prefer to assemble a diverse team, due to a stronger impact of pro-diversity desirability concerns. In contrast, when being socially close, individuals prefer similar team members, due to a stronger weighing of anti-diversity feasibility concerns. Four studies investigate the different decision outcomes when being socially distant compared to close. Study 1 shows that working in a diverse group is perceived as desirable, but less feasible. Study 2 investigates the impact of psychological distance on individuals' choices of working with a more different (when being socially distant) or similar partner (when being socially close). Study 3 shows that participants created a more diverse team for another person (distance condition) than for themselves (proximity condition). In Study 4, participants did not create a more diverse group for a stranger (distance condition) than for a friend (adjusted proximity condition), however, participants weighted feasibility concerns less strongly for strangers than for friends. Implications for diversity research and practice are discussed.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Jaffé, Mariela Elena E. and Greifeneder, Rainer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-1031
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 Mar 2020 15:29
Deposited On:23 Mar 2020 15:29

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