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In vitro and In vivo drug-drug interaction study of the effects of ivermectin and oxantel pamoate on tribendimidine

Neodo, Anna and Schulz, Jessica D. and Huwyler, Jörg and Keiser, Jennifer. (2019) In vitro and In vivo drug-drug interaction study of the effects of ivermectin and oxantel pamoate on tribendimidine. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 63 (1). e00762-18.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/67930/

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Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections still remain a major health problem in poor rural settings. The lack of efficacious drugs against all STH species raises interest in drug combinations. Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are, however, of major concern, so careful; in vitro; and; in vivo; characterization is needed. The combination of tribendimidine with either ivermectin or oxantel pamoate targets a broad range of STHs and thus represents a promising treatment alternative. Drug-drug interactions, however, have not yet been investigated. Therefore, the effects of combinations of ivermectin, oxantel pamoate, and tribendimidine's active metabolite deacylated amidantel (dADT) on cytochrome P450 (CYP450) metabolism were evaluated, followed by a pharmacokinetic analysis of tribendimidine and ivermectin alone and in combination in healthy rats. Oxantel pamoate is only poorly absorbed and was therefore excluded from pharmacokinetic analysis. No evident effect was observed for tribendimidine-oxantel pamoate at the CYP450 metabolism level, whereas a combination of tribendimidine and ivermectin led to moderately increased CYP2D6 inhibition compared to ivermectin or tribendimidine alone. Coadministration of tribendimidine with ivermectin altered neither the time to maximum concentration of drug in plasma (; T; max; ) nor the elimination half-lives of dADT, the acetylated derivative of amidantel (adADT), and ivermectin. While the area under the concentration-versus-time curve (AUC) and maximum concentration of drug in plasma (; C; max; ) values of dADT, adADT, and ivermectin are reduced by coadministration, the change is insufficient to declare that a DDI has been detected. Further studies are necessary to understand the observed interaction of tribendimidine and ivermectin, which is not related to P450 metabolism, and its significance for the situation in humans.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Helminth Drug Development (Keiser)
UniBasel Contributors:Keiser, Jennifer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0066-4804
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:15 Jan 2019 14:31
Deposited On:15 Jan 2019 14:31

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