ATP binding to the pseudokinase domain of JAK2 is critical for pathogenic activation

Hammaren, Henrik M. and Ungureanu, Daniela and Grisouard, Jean and Skoda, Radek C. and Hubbard, Stevan R. and Silvennoinen, Olli. (2015) ATP binding to the pseudokinase domain of JAK2 is critical for pathogenic activation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Scince of the U.S.A., 112 (15). pp. 4642-4647.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/62465/

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Pseudokinases lack conserved motifs typically required for kinase activity. Nearly half of pseudokinases bind ATP, but only few retain phosphotransfer activity, leaving the functional role of nucleotide binding in most cases unknown. Janus kinases (JAKs) are nonreceptor tyrosine kinases with a tandem pseudokinase-kinase domain configuration, where the pseudokinase domain (JAK homology 2, JH2) has important regulatory functions and harbors mutations underlying hematological and immunological diseases. JH2 of JAK1, JAK2, and TYK2 all bind ATP, but the significance of this is unclear. We characterize the role of nucleotide binding in normal and pathogenic JAK signaling using comprehensive structure-based mutagenesis. Disruption of JH2 ATP binding in wild-type JAK2 has only minor effects, and in the presence of type I cytokine receptors, the mutations do not affect JAK2 activation. However, JH2 mutants devoid of ATP binding ameliorate the hyperactivation of JAK2 V617F. Disrupting ATP binding in JH2 also inhibits the hyperactivity of other pathogenic JAK2 mutants, as well as of JAK1 V658F, and prevents induction of erythrocytosis in a JAK2 V617F myeloproliferative neoplasm mouse model. Molecular dynamic simulations and thermal-shift analysis indicate that ATP binding stabilizes JH2, with a pronounced effect on the C helix region, which plays a critical role in pathogenic activation of JAK2. Taken together, our results suggest that ATP binding to JH2 serves a structural role in JAKs, which is required for aberrant activity of pathogenic JAK mutants. The inhibitory effect of abrogating JH2 ATP binding in pathogenic JAK mutants may warrant novel therapeutic approaches.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Experimental Hematology (Skoda)
UniBasel Contributors:Skoda, Radek C.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1091-6490 (Electronic) 0027-8424 (Linking)
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 Nov 2018 14:54
Deposited On:24 Nov 2018 14:54

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