Late Alpine multistage exhumation of the northwestern Rhodope Metamorphic Complex (northern Rila Mountains, Bulgaria)

Kounov, Alexandre and Gerdjikov, Ianko and Antić, Milorad D. and Georgiev, Neven and Spikings, Richard A.. (2023) Late Alpine multistage exhumation of the northwestern Rhodope Metamorphic Complex (northern Rila Mountains, Bulgaria). International Journal of Earth Sciences, 112 (6). pp. 1635-1660.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/94955/

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The Rhodope crystalline massif is an Alpine metamorphic complex exposed across several mountain ranges in southern Bulgaria and northern Greece which has experienced a complex history including continental collision, partial subduction and syn-metamorphic nappe stacking followed by syn- to post-contractional extension. We present new 40Ar/39Ar and fission-track data from samples taken from both sides of the North Rhodopean Detachment that were combined with detailed structural studies to investigate the tectonothermal evolution of the northern Rila Mountains. A migmatite from the hanging wall of the North Rhodopean Detachment yields a 40Ar/39Ar muscovite age of 100.79 ± 0.55 Ma, a zircon fission-track age of 38.6 ± 1.9 Ma, and an apatite fission-track age of 21.4 ± 1.5 Ma. A biotite schist from the footwall of the detachment yields 40Ar/39Ar biotite age of 34.90 ± 0.15 Ma, and zircon and apatite fission-track ages of 35.6 ± 5.6 and 13.3 ± 1.1 Ma, respectively. Our new data give evidence of a multistage exhumation of the study area. Late Early Cretaceous (~ 101 ± 0.6 Ma) cooling of the Variscan high-grade metamorphic basement through 440–400 °C was caused by either erosion of the emplacing thrust sheet, or post-contractional denudation. Fast exhumation along the North Rhodopean Extensional System drove a pulse of increased tectonic denudation and cooling during the Eocene (39–35 Ma). Exhumation of the rocks in the northern part of the Rila Mountains below 110 ± 10 °C during the middle–late Miocene was associated with displacement along a system of normal faults.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften
UniBasel Contributors:Antic, Milorad and Kounov, Alexandre
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Sep 2023 12:58
Deposited On:22 Jun 2023 05:57

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