Multistate Reactive Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Proton Diffusion in Water Clusters and in the Bulk

Xu, Zhen-Hao and Meuwly, Markus. (2019) Multistate Reactive Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Proton Diffusion in Water Clusters and in the Bulk. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 123 (46). pp. 9846-9861.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/94197/

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The molecular mechanics with proton transfer (MMPT) force field is combined with multistate adiabatic reactive molecular dynamics (MS-ARMD) to describe proton transport in the condensed phase. Parametrization for small protonated water clusters based on electronic structure calculations at the MP2/6-311+G(2d,2p) level of theory and refinement by comparing with infrared spectra for a protonated water tetramer yields a force field which faithfully describes the minimum energy structures of small protonated water clusters. In protonated water clusters up to (H 2 O) 100 H + , the proton hopping rate is around 100 hops/ns. This rate converges for 21 ≤ n ≤ 31, and no further speedup in bulk water is found. This indicates that bulklike behavior requires the solvation of a Zundel motif by ∼25 water molecules, which corresponds to the second solvation sphere. For smaller cluster sizes, the number of available states (i.e., the number of proton acceptors) is too small and slows down proton-transfer rates. The cluster simulations confirm that the excess proton is typically located on the surface. The free-energy surface as a function of the weights of the two lowest states and a configurational parameter suggests that the "special pair" plays a central role in rapid proton transport. The barriers between this minimum-energy structure and the Zundel and Eigen minima are sufficiently low (∼1 kcal/mol, consistent with recent experiments and commensurate with a hopping rate of ∼100/ns or 1 every 10 ps), leading to a highly dynamic environment. These findings are also consistent with recent experiments which find that Zundel-type hydration geometries are prevalent in bulk water.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Meuwly)
UniBasel Contributors:Meuwly, Markus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Apr 2023 08:43
Deposited On:03 Apr 2023 08:43

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