Giant magnetochiral anisotropy from quantum-confined surface states of topological insulator nanowires

Legg, Henry F. and Rössler, Matthias and Münning, Felix and Fan, Dingxun and Breunig, Oliver and Bliesener, Andrea and Lippertz, Gertjan and Uday, Anjana and Taskin, A. A. and Loss, Daniel and Klinovaja, Jelena and Ando, Yoichi. (2022) Giant magnetochiral anisotropy from quantum-confined surface states of topological insulator nanowires. Nature Nanotechnology, 17 (7). pp. 696-700.

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Wireless technology relies on the conversion of alternating electromagnetic fields into direct currents, a process known as rectification. Although rectifiers are normally based on semiconductor diodes, quantum mechanical non-reciprocal transport effects that enable a highly controllable rectification were recently discovered1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. One such effect is magnetochiral anisotropy (MCA)6,7,8,9, in which the resistance of a material or a device depends on both the direction of the current flow and an applied magnetic field. However, the size of rectification possible due to MCA is usually extremely small because MCA relies on inversion symmetry breaking that leads to the manifestation of spin–orbit coupling, which is a relativistic effect6,7,8. In typical materials, the rectification coefficient γ due to MCA is usually ∣γ∣ ≲ 1 A−1 T−1 (refs. 8,9,10,11,12) and the maximum values reported so far are ∣γ∣ ≈ 100 A−1 T−1 in carbon nanotubes13 and ZrTe5 (ref. 14). Here, to overcome this limitation, we artificially break the inversion symmetry via an applied gate voltage in thin topological insulator (TI) nanowire heterostructures and theoretically predict that such a symmetry breaking can lead to a giant MCA effect. Our prediction is confirmed via experiments on thin bulk-insulating (Bi1−xSbx)2Te3 (BST) TI nanowires, in which we observe an MCA consistent with theory and ∣γ∣ ≈ 100,000 A−1 T−1, a very large MCA rectification coefficient in a normal conductor.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretical Nano/Quantum Physics (Klinovaja)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Klinovaja, Jelena and Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Research
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Jun 2023 08:44
Deposited On:02 Feb 2023 09:55

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