Single-Photon Storage in a Ground-State Vapor Cell Quantum Memory

Buser, Gianni and Mottola, Roberto and Cotting, Björn and Wolters, Janik and Treutlein, Philipp. (2022) Single-Photon Storage in a Ground-State Vapor Cell Quantum Memory. PRX Quantum, 3. 020349.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/92003/

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Interfaced single-photon sources and quantum memories for photons together form a foundational component of quantum technology. Achieving compatibility between heterogeneous, state-of-the-art devices is a long-standing challenge. We built and successfully interfaced a heralded single-photon source based on cavity-enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion in periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate and a matched memory based on electromagnetically induced transparency in warm 87Rb vapor. The bandwidth of the photons emitted by the source is 370MHz, placing its speed in the technologically relevant regime while remaining well within the acceptance bandwidth of the memory. Simultaneously, the experimental complexity is kept low, with all components operating at or above room temperature. Read-out noise of the memory is considerably reduced by exploiting polarization selection rules in the hyperfine structure of spin-polarized atoms. For the first time, we demonstrate single-photon storage and retrieval in a ground-state vapor cell memory, with g(2)c,ret=0.177(23) demonstrating the single-photon character of the retrieved light. Our platform of single-photon source and atomic memory is attractive for future experiments on room-temperature quantum networks operating at high bandwidth.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimentelle Nanophysik (Treutlein)
UniBasel Contributors:Treutlein, Philipp and Buser, Gianni and Mottola, Roberto and Cotting, Björn and Wolters, Janik
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2023 08:12
Deposited On:01 Feb 2023 08:12

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