Strategies for conducting Anopheles stephensi surveys in non-endemic areas

Ahmed, A. and Irish, S. R. and Zohdy, S. and Yoshimizu, M. and Tadesse, F. G.. (2022) Strategies for conducting Anopheles stephensi surveys in non-endemic areas. Acta Trop, 236. p. 106671.

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Anopheles stephensi, a malaria vector species previously only known from Asia, was first detected in Africa in Djibouti in 2012, has been subsequently collected in Ethiopia, Sudan, and Somalia, and may be spreading further. Countries may wish to implement mosquito surveys to determine if An. stephensi is present, or to determine the extent of its distribution, if present. Furthermore, mosquito surveys can provide data on the bionomics of An. stephensi and its adaptation to the local environment that can help plan and implement control activities. The present strategies provide suggestions on surveillance approaches for monitoring An. stephensi. The first step is to determine the aim of the study, as this will determine the specific activities conducted in each location. Challenges related to identification and detection of resistance and sporozoites are also discussed. Results should be communicated to relevant stakeholders in a timely manner, both in country and internationally, to help understand the introduction, distribution, and bionomics of An. stephensi in a given country and work towards cross-border and coordinated international response.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Ahmed, Ayman and Irish, Seth
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1873-6254 (Electronic)0001-706X (Linking)
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Dec 2022 15:22
Deposited On:21 Dec 2022 15:22

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