Long-term exposure to low-level air pollution and incidence of asthma: the ELAPSE project

Liu, S. and Jørgensen, J. T. and Ljungman, P. and Pershagen, G. and Bellander, T. and Leander, K. and Magnusson, P. K. E. and Rizzuto, D. and Hvidtfeldt, U. A. and Raaschou-Nielsen, O. and Wolf, K. and Hoffmann, B. and Brunekreef, B. and Strak, M. and Chen, J. and Mehta, A. and Atkinson, R. W. and Bauwelinck, M. and Varraso, R. and Boutron-Ruault, M. C. and Brandt, J. and Cesaroni, G. and Forastiere, F. and Fecht, D. and Gulliver, J. and Hertel, O. and de Hoogh, K. and Janssen, N. A. H. and Katsouyanni, K. and Ketzel, M. and Klompmaker, J. O. and Nagel, G. and Oftedal, B. and Peters, A. and Tjønneland, A. and Rodopoulou, S. P. and Samoli, E. and Kristoffersen, D. T. and Sigsgaard, T. and Stafoggia, M. and Vienneau, D. and Weinmayr, G. and Hoek, G. and Andersen, Z. J.. (2021) Long-term exposure to low-level air pollution and incidence of asthma: the ELAPSE project. Eur Respir J, 57 (6). p. 2003099.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/89163/

Downloads: Statistics Overview


BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been linked to childhood-onset asthma, while evidence is still insufficient. Within the multicentre project "Effects of Low-Level Air Pollution: A Study in Europe" (ELAPSE), we examined the associations of long-term exposures to particulate matter with diameter<2.5 microm (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and black carbon (BC) with asthma incidence in adults. METHODS: We pooled data from three cohorts in Denmark and Sweden with information on asthma hospital diagnoses. The average concentrations of air pollutants in 2010 were modelled by hybrid land use regression models at participants' baseline residential addresses. Associations of air pollution exposures with asthma incidence were explored with Cox proportional hazard models, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Of 98 326 participants, 1965 developed asthma during a 16.6 years mean follow-up. We observed associations in fully adjusted models with hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of 1.22 (1.04-1.43) per 5 mug.m(-3) for PM2.5, 1.17 (1.10-1.25) per 10 microg.m(-3) for NO2, and 1.15 (1.08-1.23) per 0.5 10(-5 )m(-1) for BC. Hazard ratios were larger in cohort subsets with exposure levels below the EU and US limit values and possibly WHO guidelines for PM2.5 and NO2. NO2 and BC estimates remained unchanged in two-pollutant models with PM2.5, whereas PM2.5 estimates were attenuated to unity. The concentration response curves showed no evidence of a threshold. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term exposure to air pollution, especially from fossil fuel combustion sources such as motorised traffic, was associated with adult-onset asthma, even at levels below the current limit values.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health Systems Research > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees and Vienneau, Danielle
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1399-3003 (Electronic)0903-1936 (Linking)
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:20 Dec 2022 12:08
Deposited On:20 Dec 2022 12:08

Repository Staff Only: item control page