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Adipose mTORC2 is essential for arborization of sensory neurons in white adipose tissue and whole-body energy homeostasis

Frei, Irina C. and Weissenberger, Diana and Ritz, Danilo and Heusermann, Wolf and Colombi, Marco and Shimobayashi, Mitsugu and Hall, Michael N.. (2022) Adipose mTORC2 is essential for arborization of sensory neurons in white adipose tissue and whole-body energy homeostasis.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/88184/

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Abstract

Adipose tissue, via sympathetic and sensory neurons, communicates with the central nervous system (CNS) to mediate energy homeostasis. In contrast to the sympathetic nervous system, the morphology, role and regulation of the sensory nervous system in adipose tissue is poorly characterized. Taking advantage of recent progress in whole-mount three-dimensional imaging of adipose tissue, we identified a neuronal network of calcitonin gene-related protein (CGRP)-positive sensory neurons in white adipose tissue (WAT). Furthermore, we show that adipose mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2), a major component of the insulin signaling pathway, mediates sensory innervation in WAT. Based on visualization of neuronal networks, mTORC2-deficient WAT displayed reduced arborization of (CGRP)-positive sensory neurons, while sympathetic neurons were unaffected. This selective loss of sensory innervation followed reduced expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) in CGRP-positive sensory neurons. Finally, we found that loss of sensory innervation in WAT correlated with systemic insulin resistance. Our findings suggest that adipose mTORC2 is necessary for sensory innervation in WAT which likely contributes to WAT-to-CNS communication.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Hall)
UniBasel Contributors:Hall, Michael N.
Item Type:Working Paper
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Number of Pages:36
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
Language:English
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Last Modified:19 Apr 2022 13:07
Deposited On:19 Apr 2022 13:07

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