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TADF: Enabling luminescent copper(i) coordination compounds for light-emitting electrochemical cells

Housecroft, Catherine E. and Constable, Edwin C.. (2022) TADF: Enabling luminescent copper(i) coordination compounds for light-emitting electrochemical cells. Journal of materials chemistry C, 10 (12). pp. 4456-4482.

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Abstract

The last decade has seen a surge of interest in the emissive behaviour of copper(i) coordination compounds, both neutral compounds that may have applications in organic light-emitting doides (OLEDs) and copper-based ionic transition metal complexes (Cu-iTMCs) with potential use in light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). One of the most exciting features of copper(i) coordination compounds is their possibility to exhibit thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) in which the energy separation of the excited singlet (S-1) and excited triplet (T-1) states is very small, permitting intersystem crossing (ISC) and reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) to occur at room temperature without the requirement for the large spin-orbit coupling inferred by the presence of a heavy metal such as iridium. In this review, we focus mainly in Cu-iTMCs, and illustrate how the field of luminescent compounds and those exhibiting TADF has developed. Copper(i) coordination compounds that class as Cu-iTMCs include those containing four-coordinate [Cu(P boolean AND P)(N boolean AND N)](+) (P boolean AND P = large-bite angle bisphosphane, and N boolean AND N is typically a diimine), [Cu(P)(2)(N boolean AND N)](+) (P = monodentate phosphane ligand), [Cu(P)(tripodal-N-3)](+), [Cu(P)(N boolean AND N)(N)](+) (N = monodentate N-donor ligand), [Cu(P boolean AND P)(N boolean AND S)](+) (N boolean AND S = chelating N,S-donor ligand), [Cu(P boolean AND P)(P boolean AND S)](+) (P boolean AND S = chelating P,S-donor ligand), [Cu(P boolean AND P)(NHC)](+) (NHC = N-heterocyclic carbene) coordination domains, dinuclear complexes with P boolean AND P and N N ligands, three-coordinate [Cu(N boolean AND N)(NHC)](+) and two-coordinate [Cu(N)(NHC)](+) complexes. We pay particular attention to solid-state structural features, e.g. pi-stacking interactions and other inter-ligand interactions, which may impact on photoluminescence quantum yields. Where emissive Cu-iTMCs have been tested in LECs, we detail the device architectures, and this emphasizes differences which make it difficult to compare LEC performances from different investigations.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Housecroft)
UniBasel Contributors:Housecroft, Catherine Elizabeth and Constable, Edwin Charles
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2050-7526
e-ISSN:2050-7534
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:05 May 2022 06:27
Deposited On:01 Mar 2022 08:54

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