Methane oxidation in the waters of a humic-rich boreal lake stimulated by photosynthesis, nitrite, Fe(III) and humics

van Grinsven, Sigrid and Oswald, Kirsten and Wehrli, Bernhard and Jegge, Corinne and Zopfi, Jakob and Lehmann, Moritz F. and Schubert, Carsten J.. (2021) Methane oxidation in the waters of a humic-rich boreal lake stimulated by photosynthesis, nitrite, Fe(III) and humics. Biogeosciences, 18 (10). pp. 3087-3101.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/86537/

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Small boreal lakes are known to contribute significantly to global CH4 emissions. Lake Lovojarvi is a eutrophic lake in southern Finland with bottom water CH4 concentrations up to 2 mM. However, the surface water concentration, and thus the diffusive emission potential, was low (< 0.5 mu M). We studied the biogeochemical processes involved in CH4 removal by chemical profiling and through incubation experiments. delta C-13-CH4 profiling of the water column revealed a methane-oxidation hotspot just below the oxycline and zones of CH4 oxidation within the anoxic water column. In incubation experiments involving the addition of light and/or oxygen, CH4 oxidation rates in the anoxic hypolimnion were enhanced 3-fold, suggesting a major role for photosynthetically fueled aerobic CH4 oxidation. We observed a distinct peak in CH4 concentration at the chlorophyll-a maximum, caused by either in situ CH4 production or other CH4 inputs such as lateral transport from the littoral zone. In the dark anoxic water column at 7 m depth, nitrite seemed to be the key electron acceptor involved in CH4 oxidation, yet additions of Fe(III), anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate and humic substances also stimulated anoxic CH4 oxidation. Surprisingly, nitrite seemed to inhibit CH4 oxidation at all other depths. Overall, this study shows that photosynthetically fueled CH4 oxidation can be a key pro-cess in CH4 removal in the water column of humic, turbid lakes, thereby limiting diffusive CH4 emissions from boreal lakes. Yet, it also highlights the potential importance of a whole suite of alternative electron acceptors, including humics, in these freshwater environments in the absence of light and oxygen.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Aquatic and Isotope Biogeochemistry (Lehmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Lehmann, Moritz F and Zopfi, Jakob
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Feb 2022 10:54
Deposited On:03 Feb 2022 10:54

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