Fractional boundary charges with quantized slopes in interacting one- and two-dimensional systems

Laubscher, Katharina and Weber, Clara S. and Kennes, Dante M. and Pletyukhov, Mikhail and Schoeller, Herbert and Loss, Daniel and Klinovaja, Jelena. (2021) Fractional boundary charges with quantized slopes in interacting one- and two-dimensional systems. Physical Review B, 104 (3). 035432.

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We study fractional boundary charges (FBCs) for two classes of strongly interacting systems. First, we study strongly interacting nanowires subjected to a periodic potential with a period that is a rational fraction of the Fermi wavelength. For sufficiently strong interactions, the periodic potential leads to the opening of a charge density wave gap at the Fermi level. The FBC then depends linearly on the phase offset of the potential with a quantized slope determined by the period. Furthermore, different possible values for the FBC at a fixed phase offset label different degenerate ground states of the system that cannot be connected adiabatically. Next, we turn to the fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) at odd filling factors nu = 1/(2l + 1), where 1 is an integer. For a Corbino disk threaded by an external flux, we find that the FBC depends linearly on the flux with a quantized slope that is determined by the filling factor. Again, the FBC has 2l + 1 different branches that cannot be connected adiabatically, reflecting the (2l + 1)-fold degeneracy of the ground state. These results allow for several promising and strikingly simple ways to probe strongly interacting phases via boundary charge measurements.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretical Nano/Quantum Physics (Klinovaja)
UniBasel Contributors:Klinovaja, Jelena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:12 Apr 2022 09:10
Deposited On:28 Jan 2022 15:34

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