Estimation of temperature - altitude gradients during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition from Swiss stalagmites

Ghadiri, Elaheh and Affolter, Stephane and Brennwald, Matthias S. and Fleitmann, Dominik and Hauselmann, Anamaria D. and Chengg, Hai and Maden, Colin and Leuenberger, Markus and Kipfer, Rolf. (2020) Estimation of temperature - altitude gradients during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition from Swiss stalagmites. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 544. ARTN 116387.

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Experimental reconstruction of temperature - altitude in the past remain often elusive. With the development of a combined vacuum crushing and sieving system (CVCS), it is now possible to determine paleotemperatures from the noble gases dissolved in minute amounts of water from inclusions in speleothems that have grown under a broad range of climatic conditions. Here we present noble gas temperature (NGT) estimates during the last deglaciation, which are based on two stalagmites from Milandre Cave (stalagmite M6) and Grotte aux Fees de Vallorbe (stalagmite GEF1), Jura Mountains, Switzerland. The caves are located at different geographical altitudes (Milandre Cave: 373 m a.s.l. and Grotte aux Fees de Vallorbe: 895 m a.s.l.) and thus allow for a reconstruction of the respective temperature - altitude gradients within Switzerland during the last deglaciation. Our reconstruction shows that the past temperature - altitude gradients are within la error in agreement with the modern temperature - altitude gradient, suggesting that the local temperature - altitude gradient was rather stable over time. In addition to the noble gas analysis, we complemented our study with deuterium (delta D-FI) and oxygen (delta O-18(FI)) isotope measurements of fluid inclusion water. In combination with NGTs, this allows us to reconstruct the past delta O-18(FI) - delta D-FI / temperature relation. These reconstructions show that the temporal temperature sensitivity of delta O-18(FI) and delta D-FI (Delta(delta O-18(FI)) / Delta(T) and Delta(delta D-FI) / Delta(T)) seems to be stable over time and therefore support the use of water isotopes for temperature reconstructions in Switzerland. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Quartärgeologie (Fleitmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Fleitmann, Dominik
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Jan 2022 07:19
Deposited On:27 Jan 2022 07:19

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