Analysis of the Mutational Landscape of Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphomas by High Throughput Sequencing Techniques

Vela, Visar. Analysis of the Mutational Landscape of Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphomas by High Throughput Sequencing Techniques. 2021, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

Available under License CC BY-SA (Attribution-ShareAlike).


Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/85274/

Downloads: Statistics Overview


Marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) is a rare tumor that accounts for only 7%-8% of all
lymphoid neoplasms; however, the incidence rate has increased in recent years.1 The median age at disease onset is 60 years, with a 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of 85%. Depending on the MZL subtype, different treatment options are available. New personalized therapy is a promising approach to increase the effectiveness of anti-tumor treatments in MZL lymphomas. However, the heterogeneity of MZL subtypes makes it challenging to have a
single treatment approach for patients with MZL. These challenges are also due to an unexplored genetic landscape and a lack of understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of MZL tumor development. In my doctoral thesis, I characterized the genetic landscape of two marginal zone lymphoma subtypes in two independent patient cohorts. The first cohort consisted of 34 patients with ocular adnexal marginal zone lymphomas (OMZL) and the second comprised 28 patients with primary pulmonary marginal zone lymphomas (PMZL). We used a customized high-throughput sequencing gene panel covering 146 genes to study the most common nucleotide-level alterations in both study cohorts. In OMZL, we frequently saw mutations in genes related to the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) pathway like TNFAIP3 were; on the other hand, in PMZL, we detected higher frequencies of chromatin modifier-encoding gene mutations, like KMT2D. We compared the mutational profiles with other lymphomas as well as lymphoproliferative and reactive lesions from the same anatomic region. We detected a different mutational composition of pulmonary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) compared to PMZL, suggesting that there is no transformation from PMZL to DLBCL. Further, we found recurrent PTEN mutations in reactive lesions, these might play an important role in diagnostics. In addition, we performed pathway analyses of the three main affected pathways, namely chromatin modifiers, the NF-κB pathway and the NOTCH pathway, to identify cluster patterns. We did not find any association between Chlamydia spp. infections and OMZL in the Basel cohort. Furthermore, we studied genetic evolution patterns in relapsing OMZL. To get a complete picture of the mutational landscape across all MZL, we performed a comparative meta-analysis of reported genetic variants in various MZL subtypes.
Advisors:Rossi, Davide and Christofori, Gerhard M. and Tzankov, Alexandar
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Immunoregulation (Rossi)
UniBasel Contributors:Christofori, Gerhard M. and Tzankov, Alexandar
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:14546
Thesis status:Complete
Number of Pages:147
Identification Number:
  • urn: urn:nbn:ch:bel-bau-diss145465
edoc DOI:
Last Modified:14 Dec 2021 05:30
Deposited On:13 Dec 2021 09:45

Repository Staff Only: item control page