MRI characteristics of supraclavicular brown adipose tissue in relation to cold-induced thermogenesis in healthy human adults

Gashi, Gani and Madoerin, Philipp and Maushart, Claudia I. and Michel, Regina and Senn, Jaël-Rut and Bieri, Oliver and Betz, Matthias J.. (2019) MRI characteristics of supraclavicular brown adipose tissue in relation to cold-induced thermogenesis in healthy human adults. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 50 (4). pp. 1160-1168.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/84550/

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Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been proposed as a target to treat obesity and metabolic disease. Currently,; 18; F-Fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is the standard for BAT-imaging. MRI might be a promising alternative, as it is not associated with ionizing radiation, offers a high resolution, and allows to discriminate different types of soft tissue.; We sought to evaluate whether supraclavicular BAT (scBAT) volume, fat-fraction (FF), and relaxation rate (R2*) determined by MRI can predict its metabolic activity, which was assessed by measurement of cold-induced thermogenesis (CIT).; Prospective cohort study.; Twenty healthy volunteers (9 female, 11 male), aged 18-47 years, with a body mass index (BMI) of 18-30 kg/m; 2; .; Multiecho gradient MRI for water-fat separation was used on a 3T device to measure the FF and T; 2; * of BAT.; Prior to imaging, CIT was determined by measuring the difference in energy expenditure (EE) during warm conditions and after cold exposure. Volume, FF, and R2* of scBAT was assessed and compared with CIT. In 11 participants, two MRI sessions with and without cold exposure were performed and the dynamic changes in FF and R2* assessed.; Linear regression was used to evaluate the relation of MRI measurements and CIT. P-values below 0.05 were considered significant; data are given as mean ± SD.; R2* correlated positively with CIT (r = 0.64, R; 2; = 0.41 P = 0.0041). Volume and FF did not correlate significantly with CIT. After mild cold exposure EE increased significantly (P = 0.0002), with a mean CIT of 147 kcal/day. The mean volume of scBAT was 72.4 ± 38.4 ml, mean FF was 74.3 ± 5.8%, and the mean R2* (1/T; 2; *) was 33.5 ± 12.7 s; -1; .; R2* of human scBAT can be used to estimate CIT. FF of scBAT was not associated with CIT
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
UniBasel Contributors:Betz, Matthias Johannes Maximilian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Williams and Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Oct 2021 15:28
Deposited On:06 Oct 2021 15:28

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