Envoy Envy? Competition in African Mediation Processes and Ways to Overcome It

Lanz, David. (2021) Envoy Envy? Competition in African Mediation Processes and Ways to Overcome It. International Negotiation, 26 (3). pp. 499-526.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/83434/

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This article seeks to make sense of the dynamics of competition in African mediation processes and to outline approaches for effective cooperation between mediators. To this end, it analyzes four cases of recent peace processes: Sudan (1994-2005), Kenya (2008), Madagascar (2009-2013) and South Sudan (2013-2015). The article identifies four driving forces of competition among mediators: clashing interests of states involved in mediation, overlapping mediation mandates, incompatible norms guiding conflict resolution, and mediators' lack of performance. These factors risk undermining peace processes unless the involved mediators and guarantors take active steps to mitigate the negative effects of competition. This can be done through 'hierarchical coordination,' where a recognized authority takes the lead and allocates roles to other actors, or through 'collaborative cooperation,' where partners have unity of purpose and decide on a division of labor based on comparative strengths.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Politikwissenschaft > Politikwissenschaft (Goetschel)
09 Associated Institutions > swisspeace foundation
09 Associated Institutions > swisspeace foundation > Peace Research (Goetschel)
UniBasel Contributors:Lanz, David Johannes
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Brill Academic Publishers
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:15 Nov 2022 12:37
Deposited On:15 Nov 2022 12:37

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