Thermodynamic uncertainty relations including measurement and feedback

Potts, Patrick P. and Samuelsson, Peter. (2019) Thermodynamic uncertainty relations including measurement and feedback. Physical review E, 100 (5). 052137.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/82986/

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Thermodynamic uncertainty relations quantify how the signal-to-noise ratio of a given observable is constrained by dissipation. Fluctuation relations generalize the second law of thermodynamics to stochastic processes. We show that any fluctuation relation directly implies a thermodynamic uncertainty relation, considerably increasing their range of applicability. In particular, we extend thermodynamic uncertainty relations to scenarios which include measurement and feedback. Since feedback generally breaks time-reversal invariance, the uncertainty relations involve quantities averaged over the forward and the backward experiment defined by the associated fluctuation relation. This implies that the signal-to-noise ratio of a given experiment can in principle become arbitrarily large as long as the corresponding backward experiment compensates, e.g., by being sufficiently noisy. We illustrate our results with the Szilard engine as well as work extraction by free energy reduction in a quantum dot.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretical Quantum Physics (Potts)
UniBasel Contributors:Potts, Patrick
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 May 2021 15:32
Deposited On:10 May 2021 15:32

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