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Activation of 5-HT; 1A; Receptors in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nuclei Negatively Regulates Cytochrome P450 Expression and Activity in Rat Liver

Bromek, Ewa and Rysz, Marta and Haduch, Anna and Wójcikowski, Jacek and Daniel, Władysława A.. (2018) Activation of 5-HT; 1A; Receptors in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nuclei Negatively Regulates Cytochrome P450 Expression and Activity in Rat Liver. Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 46 (6). pp. 786-793.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/82364/

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Abstract

Our recent work suggested a negative effect for the serotonergic innervation of the paraventricular nuclei (PVN) of the hypothalamus on growth hormone secretion and growth hormone-dependent expression of CYP2C11. The aim of our present research was to determine the effect of the activation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine [(5-HT) serotonin] 5-HT; 1; or 5-HT; 2; receptors in the PVN on the expression and activity of cytochrome P450 in male rat liver. The serotonergic agonists 5-carboxyamidotryptamine [(5-CT), a 5-HT; 1; receptor-type agonist], 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propyloamino)-tetralin [(8-OH-DPAT), a 5-HT; 1A; receptor agonist], sumatriptan (a 5-HT; 1B/D; receptor agonist), and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine [(DOI), a 5-HT; 2A/C; receptor agonist] were individually injected into the PVN. The liver cytochrome P450 activity and expression and the levels of serum and pituitary and hypothalamic hormones were measured. 5-CT and 8-OH-DPAT significantly decreased the activity and expression of; CYP2C11; at both the mRNA and protein levels, which was accompanied by an increase in pituitary and hypothalamic somatostatin levels and a decrease in the serum growth hormone concentration. The expression of; CYP3A1/23; also decreased. The serum corticosterone concentration declined after the injection of 8-OH-DPAT. The obtained results indicated that 5-HT; 1A; but not the 5-HT; 1B/D; or 5-HT; 2; receptors in the PVN are engaged in the negative neuroendocrine regulation of cytochrome P450 via the stimulation of hypothalamic somatostatin secretion and in the decreases in the serum growth hormone and corticosterone concentrations. Since the affected enzymes metabolize steroids and drugs and 5-HT; 1A; receptors are engaged in the action of psychotropic drugs, the results obtained may be of both physiologic and pharmacological meaning.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Biopharmazie (Meyer zu Schwabedissen)
UniBasel Contributors:Rysz, Marta Anna
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1521-009X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 Mar 2021 12:06
Deposited On:23 Mar 2021 12:06

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