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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health: An international study

Gloster, Andrew T. and Lamnisos, Demetris and Lubenko, Jelena and Presti, Giovambattista and Squatrito, Valeria and Constantinou, Marios and Nicolaou, Christiana and Papacostas, Savvas and Aydın, Gökçen and Chong, Yuen Yu and Chien, Wai Tong and Cheng, Ho Yu and Ruiz, Francisco J. and Garcia-Martin, Maria B. and Obando-Posada, Diana P. and Segura-Vargas, Miguel A. and Vasiliou, Vasilis S. and McHugh, Louise and Höfer, Stefan and Baban, Adriana and Dias Neto, David and Nunes da Silva, Ana and Monestès, Jean-Louis and Alvarez-Galvez, Javier and Paez-Blarrina, Marisa and Montesinos, Francisco and Valdivia-Salas, Sonsoles and Ori, Dorottya and Kleszcz, Bartosz and Lappalainen, Raimo and Ivanović, Iva and Gosar, David and Dionne, Frederick and Merwin, Rhonda M. and Kassianos, Angelos P. and Karekla, Maria. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health: An international study. PLoS ONE, 15 (12). e0244809.

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic triggered vast governmental lockdowns. The impact of these lockdowns on mental health is inadequately understood. On the one hand such drastic changes in daily routines could be detrimental to mental health. On the other hand, it might not be experienced negatively, especially because the entire population was affected.; The aim of this study was to determine mental health outcomes during pandemic induced lockdowns and to examine known predictors of mental health outcomes. We therefore surveyed n = 9,565 people from 78 countries and 18 languages. Outcomes assessed were stress, depression, affect, and wellbeing. Predictors included country, sociodemographic factors, lockdown characteristics, social factors, and psychological factors.; Results indicated that on average about 10% of the sample was languishing from low levels of mental health and about 50% had only moderate mental health. Importantly, three consistent predictors of mental health emerged: social support, education level, and psychologically flexible (vs. rigid) responding. Poorer outcomes were most strongly predicted by a worsening of finances and not having access to basic supplies.; These results suggest that on whole, respondents were moderately mentally healthy at the time of a population-wide lockdown. The highest level of mental health difficulties were found in approximately 10% of the population. Findings suggest that public health initiatives should target people without social support and those whose finances worsen as a result of the lockdown. Interventions that promote psychological flexibility may mitigate the impact of the pandemic.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Clinical Psychology and Intervention Science (Gloster)
UniBasel Contributors:Gloster, Andrew
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Public Library of Science
e-ISSN:1932-6203
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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edoc DOI:
Last Modified:02 Mar 2021 09:25
Deposited On:02 Mar 2021 09:25

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