An alternative route of bacterial infection associated with a novel resistance locus in the Daphnia-Pasteuria host-parasite system

Bento, Gilberto and Fields, Peter D. and Duneau, David and Ebert, Dieter. (2020) An alternative route of bacterial infection associated with a novel resistance locus in the Daphnia-Pasteuria host-parasite system. Heredity, 125 (4). pp. 173-183.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80915/

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To understand the mechanisms of antagonistic coevolution, it is crucial to identify the genetics of parasite resistance. In the Daphnia magna-Pasteuria ramosa host-parasite system, the most important step of the infection process is the one in which P. ramosa spores attach to the host's foregut. A matching-allele model (MAM) describes the host-parasite genetic interactions underlying attachment success. Here we describe a new P. ramosa genotype, P15, which, unlike previously studied genotypes, attaches to the host's hindgut, not to its foregut. Host resistance to P15 attachment shows great diversity across natural populations. In contrast to P. ramosa genotypes that use foregut attachment, P15 shows some quantitative variation in attachment success and does not always lead to successful infections, suggesting that hindgut attachment represents a less-efficient infection mechanism than foregut attachment. Using a Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) approach, we detect two significant QTLs in the host genome: one that co-localizes with the previously described D. magna PR locus of resistance to foregut attachment, and a second, major QTL located in an unlinked genomic region. We find no evidence of epistasis. Fine mapping reveals a genomic region, the D locus, of ~13 kb. The discovery of a second P. ramosa attachment site and of a novel host-resistance locus increases the complexity of this system, with implications for both for the coevolutionary dynamics (e.g., Red Queen and the role of recombination), and for the evolution and epidemiology of the infection process.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Evolutionary Biology (Ebert)
UniBasel Contributors:Ebert, Dieter and Fields, Peter and Neves Bento, Gilberto and Duneau, David
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 13:28
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 13:28

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