Controls of H2S, Fe2 +, and Mn2 + on Microbial NO3–-Reducing Processes in Sediments of an Eutrophic Lake

Cojean, Adeline N. Y. and Lehmann, Moritz F. and Robertson, Elizabeth K. and Thamdrup, Bo and Zopfi, Jakob. (2020) Controls of H2S, Fe2 +, and Mn2 + on Microbial NO3–-Reducing Processes in Sediments of an Eutrophic Lake. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11. p. 1158.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80347/

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Understanding the biogeochemical controls on the partitioning between nitrogen (N) removal through denitrification and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox), and N recycling via dissimilatory nitrate (NO3-) reduction to ammonium (DNRA) is crucial for constraining lacustrine N budgets. Besides organic carbon, inorganic compounds may serve as electron donors for NO(3)(-)reduction, yet the significance of lithotrophic NO(3)(-)reduction in the environment is still poorly understood. Conducting incubation experiments with additions of(15)N-labeled compounds and reduced inorganic substrates (H2S, Fe2+, Mn2+), we assessed the role of alternative electron donors in regulating the partitioning between the different NO3--reducing processes in ferruginous surface sediments of Lake Lugano, Switzerland. In sediment slurry incubations without added inorganic substrates, denitrification and DNRA were the dominant NO3--reducing pathways, with DNRA contributing between 31 and 46% to the total NO(3)(-)reduction. The contribution of anammox was less than 1%. Denitrification rates were stimulated by low to moderate additions of ferrous iron (Fe2+ = 1300 mu M). Conversely, DNRA was stimulated only at higher Fe(2+)concentrations. Dissolved sulfide (H2S, i.e., sum of H2S, HS(-)and S2-) concentrations up to similar to 80 mu M, strongly stimulated denitrification, but did not affect DNRA significantly. At higher H2S levels (>= 125 mu M), both processes were inhibited. We were unable to find clear evidence for Mn2+-supported lithotrophic NO(3)(-)reduction. However, at high concentrations (similar to 500 mu M), Mn(2+)additions inhibited NO(3)(-)reduction, while it did not affect the balance between the two NO(3)(-)reduction pathways. Our results provide experimental evidence for chemolithotrophic denitrification or DNRA with Fe(2+)and H2S in the Lake Lugano sediments, and demonstrate that all tested potential electron donors, despite the beneficial effect at low concentrations of some of them, can inhibit NO(3)(-)reduction at high concentration levels. Our findings thus imply that the concentration of inorganic electron donors in lake sediments can act as an important regulator of both benthic denitrification and DNRA rates, and suggest that they can exert an important control on the relative partitioning between microbial N removal and N retention in lakes.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Aquatic and Isotope Biogeochemistry (Lehmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Lehmann, Moritz F and Zopfi, Jakob
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Frontiers Media
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Nov 2021 15:39
Deposited On:14 Apr 2021 10:34

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