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Integrating ecosystem services within spatial biodiversity conservation prioritization in the Alps

Ramel, Cindy and Rey, Pierre-Louis and Fernandes, Rui and Vincent, Claire and Cardoso, Ana R. and Broennimann, Olivier and Pellissier, Loïc and Pradervand, Jean-Nicolas and Ursenbacher, Sylvain and Schmidt, Benedikt R. and Guisan, Antoine. (2020) Integrating ecosystem services within spatial biodiversity conservation prioritization in the Alps. Ecosystem Services, 45. p. 101186.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80309/

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Abstract

As anthropogenic degradation of biodiversity and ecosystems increases, so does the potential threat to the supply of ecosystem services, a key contribution of nature to people. Biodiversity has often been used in spatial conservation planning and has been regarded as one among multiple services delivered by ecosystems. Hence, biodiversity conservation planning should be integrated in a framework of prioritizing services in order to inform decision-making. Here, we propose a prioritization approach based on scenarios maximising both the provision of ecosystem services and the conservation of biodiversity hotspots. Different weighting scenarios for the alpha-diversity in four taxonomic groups and 10 mapped ecosystem services were used to simulate varying priorities of policymakers in a mountain region. Our results illustrate how increasing priorities to ecosystem services can be disadvantageous to biodiversity. Moreover, the analysis to identify priority areas that best compromise the conservation of alpha-diversity and ecosystem services are predominantly not located within the current protected area network. Our analyses stress the need for an appropriate weighting of biodiversity within decision making that seek to integrate multiple ecosystem services. Our study paves the way toward further integration of multiple biodiversity groups and components, ecosystem services and various socio-economic scenarios, ultimately fuelling the development of more informed, evidence-based spatial planning decisions for conservation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Naturschutzbiologie (Baur)
UniBasel Contributors:Ursenbacher, Sylvain
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2212-0416
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Apr 2021 08:33
Deposited On:14 Apr 2021 08:33

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