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Global brain volume and N-acetyl-aspartate decline over seven decades of normal aging

Kirov, Ivan I. and Sollberger, Marc and Davitz, Matthew S. and Glodzik, Lidia and Soher, Brian J. and Babb, James S. and Monsch, Andreas U. and Gass, Achim and Gonen, Oded. (2020) Global brain volume and N-acetyl-aspartate decline over seven decades of normal aging. Neurobiology of Aging, 98. pp. 42-51.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79886/

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Abstract

We characterize the whole-brain N-acetyl-aspartate (WBNAA) and brain tissue fractions across the adult lifespan and test the hypothesis that, despite age-related atrophy, neuronal integrity (reflected by WBNAA) is preserved in normal aging. Two-hundred-and-seven participants: 133 cognitively intact older adults (73.6 ± 7.4 mean ± standard deviation, range: 60-90 year old) and 84 young (37.9 ± 11, range: 21-59 year old) were scanned with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and T; 1; -weighted MRI. Their WBNAA, fractional brain parenchyma, and gray and white matter volumes (fBPV, fGM, and fWM) were compared and modeled as functions of age and sex. Compared with young, older-adults' WBNAA was lower by ~35%, and fBPV, fGM and fWM were lower by ~10%. Linear regressions found 0.5%/year WBNAA and 0.2%/year fBPV and fGM declines, whereas fWM rose to age ~40 years, and declined thereafter. fBPV and fGM were 1.8% and 4% higher in women, with no sex decline rates difference. We conclude that contrary to our hypothesis, atrophy was accompanied by WBNAA decline. Across the entire age range, women's brains showed less atrophy than men's. Formulas to estimate WBNAA and brain tissue fractions in healthy adults are provided to help differentiate normal from abnormal aging. What do you want to do ? New mail Copy
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Geriatrie > Geriatrie (Kressig)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Geriatrie > Geriatrie (Kressig)
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Molecular Psychology (Papassotiropoulos)
UniBasel Contributors:Monsch, Andreas U. U
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0197-4580
e-ISSN:1558-1497
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:29 Dec 2020 09:42
Deposited On:29 Dec 2020 09:42

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