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Surface Sensing and Adaptation in Bacteria

Laventie, Benoît-Joseph and Jenal, Urs. (2020) Surface Sensing and Adaptation in Bacteria. Annual review of microbiology, 74. pp. 735-760.

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Abstract

Bacteria thrive both in liquids and attached to surfaces. The concentration of bacteria on surfaces is generally much higher than in the surrounding environment, offering bacteria ample opportunity for mutualistic, symbiotic, and pathogenic interactions. To efficiently populate surfaces, they have evolved mechanisms to sense mechanical or chemical cues upon contact with solid substrata. This is of particular importance for pathogens that interact with host tissue surfaces. In this review we discuss how bacteria are able to sense surfaces and how they use this information to adapt their physiology and behavior to this new environment. We first survey mechanosensing and chemosensing mechanisms and outline how specific macromolecular structures can inform bacteria about surfaces. We then discuss how mechanical cues are converted to biochemical signals to activate specific cellular processes in a defined chronological order and describe the role of two key second messengers, c-di-GMP and cAMP, in this process.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology
UniBasel Contributors:Jenal, Urs and Laventie, Benoit-Joseph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Annual Reviews
ISSN:0066-4227
e-ISSN:1545-3251
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:08 Jun 2021 14:43
Deposited On:08 Jun 2021 14:43

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