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Structure and functions of the bacterial microbiota of plants

Bulgarelli, Davide and Schlaeppi, Klaus and Spaepen, Stijn and Ver Loren van Themaat, Emiel and Schulze-Lefert, Paul. (2013) Structure and functions of the bacterial microbiota of plants. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 64. pp. 807-838.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79060/

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Abstract

Plants host distinct bacterial communities on and inside various plant organs, of which those associated with roots and the leaf surface are best characterized. The phylogenetic composition of these communities is defined by relatively few bacterial phyla, including Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria. A synthesis of available data suggests a two-step selection process by which the bacterial microbiota of roots is differentiated from the surrounding soil biome. Rhizodeposition appears to fuel an initial substrate-driven community shift in the rhizosphere, which converges with host genotype-dependent fine-tuning of microbiota profiles in the selection of root endophyte assemblages. Substrate-driven selection also underlies the establishment of phyllosphere communities but takes place solely at the immediate leaf surface. Both the leaf and root microbiota contain bacteria that provide indirect pathogen protection, but root microbiota members appear to serve additional host functions through the acquisition of nutrients from soil for plant growth. Thus, the plant microbiota emerges as a fundamental trait that includes mutualism enabled through diverse biochemical mechanisms, as revealed by studies on plant growth-promoting and plant health-promoting bacteria.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Plant-Microbe Interaction (Schl├Ąppi)
UniBasel Contributors:Schl├Ąppi, Klaus Bernhard
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Annual Reviews
ISSN:1543-5008
e-ISSN:1545-2123
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:05 Nov 2020 11:39
Deposited On:05 Nov 2020 11:39

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