Abbreviated and comprehensive literature searches led to identical or very similar effect estimates: meta-epidemiological study

Ewald, Hannah and Klerings, Irma and Wagner, Gernot and Heise, Thomas L. and Dobrescu, Andreea Iulia and Armijo-Olivo, Susan and Stratil, Jan M. and Lhachimi, Stefan K. and Mittermayr, Tarquin and Gartlehner, Gerald and Nussbaumer-Streit, Barbara and Hemkens, Lars G.. (2020) Abbreviated and comprehensive literature searches led to identical or very similar effect estimates: meta-epidemiological study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 128. pp. 1-12.

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Assessing the agreement of treatment effect estimates from meta-analyses based on abbreviated or comprehensive literature searches.; Meta-epidemiological study. We abbreviated 47 comprehensive Cochrane review searches and searched MEDLINE/Embase/CENTRAL alone, in combination, with/without checking references (658 new searches). We compared one meta-analysis from each review with recalculated ones based on abbreviated searches.; The 47 original meta-analyses included 444 trials (median 6 per review [IQR 3-11]) with 360045 participants (median 1371 per review [IQR 685-8041]). Depending on the search approach, abbreviated searches led to identical effect estimates in 34%-79% of meta-analyses, to different effect estimates with the same direction and level of statistical significance in 15%-51%, and to opposite effects (or effects could not be estimated anymore) in 6%-13%. The deviation of effect sizes was zero in 50% of the meta-analyses and in 75% not larger than 1.07-fold. Effect estimates of abbreviated searches were not consistently smaller or larger (median ratio of odds ratio 1 [IQR 1-1.01]) but more imprecise (1.02-1.06-fold larger standard errors).; Abbreviated literature searches often led to identical or very similar effect estimates as comprehensive searches with slightly increased confidence intervals. Relevant deviations may occur.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
10 Zentrale universitäre Einrichtungen > Universitätsbibliothek
UniBasel Contributors:Ewald, Hannah
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Jul 2021 06:50
Deposited On:14 Jul 2021 06:50

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