Electrochemical and Photophysical Properties of Ruthenium(II) Complexes Equipped with Sulfurated Bipyridine Ligands

Hua, Shao-Ann and Cattaneo, Mauricio and Oelschlegel, Manuel and Heindl, Moritz and Schmid, Lucius and Dechert, Sebastian and Wenger, Oliver S. and Siewert, Inke and González, Leticia and Meyer, Franc. (2020) Electrochemical and Photophysical Properties of Ruthenium(II) Complexes Equipped with Sulfurated Bipyridine Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry, 59 (7). pp. 4972-4984.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/77767/

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The development of new solar-to-fuel scenarios is of great importance, but the construction of molecular systems that convert sunlight into chemical energy represents a challenge. One specific issue is that the molecular systems have to be able to accumulate redox equivalents to mediate the photodriven transformation of relevant small molecules, which mostly involves the orchestrated transfer of multiple electrons and protons. Disulfide/ dithiol interconversions are prominent 2e(-)/2H(+) couples and can play an important role for redox control and charge storag,e., With -s bpy)- background in mind, a new photosensitizer [Ru((s-s)bpy)- (bpy)(2)](2+) (1(2+)) equipped with a disulfide functionalized bpy ligand ((s-s)bpy, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) was synthesized and has been comprehensively studied, including structural characterization by X-ray diffraction. In-depth electrochemical studies show that the (s-s)bpy ligand in 1(2+) can be reduced twice at moderate potentials (around -1.1 V vs Fc(+/0)) and simulation of the cyclic voltammetry (CV) traces revealed potential inversion (E-2 > E-1) and allowed to derive kinetic parameters for the sequential electron-transfer processes. However, reduction at room temperature also triggers the ejection of one sulfur atom from 1(2+), leading to the formation of [Ru((s)bpy)(bpy)(2)](2+) (2(2+)). This chemical reaction can be suppressed by decreasing the temperature from 298 to 248 K. Compared to the archetypical photosensitizer [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+), 1(2+) features an additional low energy optical excitation in the MLCT region, originating from charge transfer from the metal center to the (s-s)bpy ligand (aka MSCT) according to time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations. Analysis of the excited states of 1(2+) on the basis of ground-state Wigner sampling and using charge-transfer descriptors has shown that bpy modification with a peripheral disulfide moiety leads to an energy splitting between charge-transfer excitations to the (s-s)bpy and the bpy ligands, offering the possibility of selective charge transfer from the metal to either type of ligands. Compound 1(2+) is photostable and shows an emission from a (MLCT)-M-3 state in deoxygenated acetonitrile with a lifetime of 109 ns. This work demonstrates a rationally designed system that enables future studies of photoinduced multielectron, multiproton PCET chemistry.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Wenger)
UniBasel Contributors:Wenger, Oliver and Schmid, Lucius
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Feb 2023 10:30
Deposited On:11 Aug 2020 13:17

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