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Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Urban Agglomeration

Eberle, Ulrich J. and Henderson, J. Vernon and Rohner, Dominic and Schmidheiny, Kurt. (2020) Ethnolinguistic Diversity and Urban Agglomeration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117. pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

This article shows that higher ethnolinguistic diversity is associated with a greater risk of social tensions and conflict, which, in turn, is a dispersion force lowering urbanization and the incentives to move to big cities. We construct a worldwide dataset at a fine-grained level on urban settlement patterns and ethnolinguistic population composition. For 3,540 provinces of 170 countries, we find that increased ethnolinguistic fractionalization and polarization are associated with lower urbanization and an increased role for secondary cities relative to the primate city of a province. These striking associations are quantitatively important and robust to various changes in variables and specifications. We find that democratic institutions affect the impact of ethnolinguistic diversity on urbanization patterns.
Faculties and Departments:06 Faculty of Business and Economics > Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Professuren Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Angewandte ├ľkonometrie (Schmidheiny)
UniBasel Contributors:Schmidheiny, Kurt
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
e-ISSN:1091-6490
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:01 Jul 2020 08:24
Deposited On:01 Jul 2020 07:39

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