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Systematic review and meta-analysis investigating moderators of long-term effects of exercise on cognition in healthy individuals

Ludyga, Sebastian and Gerber, Markus and Pühse, Uwe and Looser, Vera N. and Kamijo, Keita. (2020) Systematic review and meta-analysis investigating moderators of long-term effects of exercise on cognition in healthy individuals. Nature Human Behaviour, 4 (6). pp. 603-612.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/77045/

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Abstract

As cognitive function is linked with academic achievement, career success and mental health, there is a need to understand how the cognitive benefits of long-term exercise can be optimized. Our meta-regression included 80 randomized controlled trials and examined moderators of the effects of exercise on cognition in healthy individuals. The summary effect was small and did not differ between cognitive domains. Higher benefits of exercise on cognitive function were found after coordinative exercise compared with other exercise types. With longer intervention length, the effect size increased with longer session duration. Exercise was less effective in female compared with male individuals, and the dose-response relationship differed between sexes. Our findings suggest a general rather than domain-specific effect of exercise on cognition, which is influenced by sex, exercise type and reciprocal relationships between dose parameters. We derive sex-specific recommendations on how cognitive benefits can be optimized by exercise intensity, its progression and exercise type.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (Pühse)
UniBasel Contributors:Ludyga, Sebastian and Gerber, Markus and Looser, Vera Nina and Pühse, Uwe
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
e-ISSN:2397-3374
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:04 Jan 2021 11:32
Deposited On:04 Jan 2021 11:32

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