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Ancient genome-wide DNA from France highlights the complexity of interactions between Mesolithic hunter-gatherers and Neolithic farmers

Rivollat, Maïté and Jeong, Choongwon and Schiffels, Stephan and Küçükkalıpçı, İşil and Pemonge, Marie-Hélène and Rohrlach, Adam Benjamin and Alt, Kurt W. and Binder, Didier and Friederich, Susanne and Ghesquière, Emmanuel and Gronenborn, Detlef and Laporte, Luc and Lefranc, Philippe and Meller, Harald and Réveillas, Hélène and Rosenstock, Eva and Rottier, Stéphane and Scarre, Chris and Soler, Ludovic and Wahl, Joachim and Krause, Johannes and Deguilloux, Marie-France and Haak, Wolfgang. (2020) Ancient genome-wide DNA from France highlights the complexity of interactions between Mesolithic hunter-gatherers and Neolithic farmers. Science Advances, 6 (22). eaaz5344.

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Abstract

Starting from 12,000 years ago in the Middle East, the Neolithic lifestyle spread across Europe via separate continental and Mediterranean routes. Genomes from early European farmers have shown a clear Near Eastern/Anatolian genetic affinity with limited contribution from hunter-gatherers. However, no genomic data are available from modern-day France, where both routes converged, as evidenced by a mosaic cultural pattern. Here, we present genome-wide data from 101 individuals from 12 sites covering today's France and Germany from the Mesolithic (N = 3) to the Neolithic (N = 98) (7000-3000 BCE). Using the genetic substructure observed in European hunter-gatherers, we characterize diverse patterns of admixture in different regions, consistent with both routes of expansion. Early western European farmers show a higher proportion of distinctly western hunter-gatherer ancestry compared to central/southeastern farmers. Our data highlight the complexity of the biological interactions during the Neolithic expansion by revealing major regional variations.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
UniBasel Contributors:Alt, Kurt W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
e-ISSN:2375-2548
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:02 Jun 2020 07:20
Deposited On:02 Jun 2020 07:20

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