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Stability and prediction of motor performance and cognitive functioning in preschoolers: a latent variable approach

Zysset, Annina E. and Kakebeeke, Tanja and Messerli-Bürgy, Nadine and Meyer, Andrea H. and Stuelb, Kerstin and Leeger-Aschmann, Claudia S. and Schmutz, Einat A. and Arhab, Amar and Puder, Jardena J. and Kriemler, Susi and Munsch, Simone and Jenni, Oskar G.. (2020) Stability and prediction of motor performance and cognitive functioning in preschoolers: a latent variable approach. Infant and child development, 29 (5). e2185.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/76638/

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Abstract

At preschool age, motor skills and cognitive functions are regularly examined at well-child visits. Although reliable screening depends on the stability of the assessed developmental domains, little is known about the stability of motor and cognitive performance in preschool children. The aim of the present study was to investigate how stable motor skills and cognitive functioning are in the preschool years and whether they can predict their own and respective outcome 1 year later. 509 children were examined (46.4% female; M = 3.9 years; SD = 0.6; range 3.0–6.0 years) from the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY) at baseline and 1 year later. A Latent Variable Cross-lagged Panel Model revealed that both motor skills and cognitive functioning are highly stable in the preschool age (.65/.67). Cross-lagged coefficients were smaller (.37/.22). However, as the cross-lagged paths did not differ significantly from each other, no reliable conclusions for the prediction of motor skills and cognitive functions may be drawn. We conclude that cognitive functioning and motor skills are highly stable already in the preschool years. Although small cross-lagged predictive values were found, motor skills and cognitive functions may not to be reliable predictors of their respective outcomes. Future studies should test cross-lagged predictive effects in clinical samples, where the effects might be larger.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1522-7227
e-ISSN:1522-7219
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:20 Oct 2021 14:14
Deposited On:20 Oct 2021 14:14

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