Leptospira seroprevalence among ugandan slaughter cattle: comparison of sero-status with renal Leptospira infection

Alinaitwe, Lordrick and Kankya, Clovice and Namanya, Dianah and Pithua, Patrick and Dreyfus, Anou. (2020) Leptospira seroprevalence among ugandan slaughter cattle: comparison of sero-status with renal Leptospira infection. Frontiers in veterinary science, 7. p. 106.

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Despite evidence of both human and animal; Leptospira; exposures in Uganda, the epidemiology of the disease is still not well-investigated. Contact with animals and their environments have been pointed out as potential source of infection with; Leptospira; species in humans; and cattle may be an important reservoir in Uganda. In this cross-sectional study, we estimated the prevalence of anti-; Leptospira; antibodies by the standard microscopic agglutination test (MAT); and associated risk factors among slaughtered cattle. We also compared the performance of the MAT used in this study against a; lipL32; based real time PCR (qPCR) assay previously conducted on the kidneys and urine of the same slaughter cattle as tested in this reported study. Of 500 cattle sampled, 27.8% (95% CI 23.9-32.0) tested positive (titer ≥ 100) to at least one; Leptospira; serovar, with the majority of seropositive cattle reacting to serovars Tarassovi (sg Tarassovi) (11.6%), Sejroe (Sg Sejroe) (7.8%), and Australis (Sg Australis) (5.2%). Older animals had 2.8 times (95% CI 1.0-8.2,; p; -value 0.055) greater odds of being seropositive than younger ones (<1.5 years). The sensitivity and specificity of the MAT over the qPCR were 65.9% (95% CI 50.1-79.5) and 75.9% (95% CI 71.7-79.7), respectively; with a negative predictive value of 95.8% and positive predictive value of 20.9%. In conclusion, slaughter cattle in this study were significantly exposed to pathogenic; Leptospira; species of mainly the Tarassovi, Sejroe, and Australis serogroups, with seroprevalence being higher among older cattle. The high specificity and negative predictive value of MAT as used in this study when compared to the qPCR assay may imply a rather strong association between seronegativity and absence of renal; Leptospira; infection. However, MAT predictability for renal; Leptospira; infection may be interpreted cautiously since predictive values of diagnostic tests are dependent on prevalence.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Dreyer, Anita
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Apr 2020 11:54
Deposited On:07 Apr 2020 11:54

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