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A massacre of early Neolithic farmers in the high Pyrenees at Els Trocs, Spain

Alt, Kurt W. and Tejedor Rodríguez, Cristina and Nicklisch, Nicole and Roth, David and Szécsényi Nagy, Anna and Knipper, Corina and Lindauer, Susanne and Held, Petra and de Lagrán, Íñigo García Martínez and Schulz, Georg and Schuerch, Thomas and Thieringer, Florian and Brantner, Philipp and Brandt, Guido and Israel, Nicole and Arcusa Magallón, Héctor and Meyer, Christian and Mende, Balazs G. and Enzmann, Frieder and Dresely, Veit and Ramsthaler, Frank and Guillén, José Ignacio Royo and Scheurer, Eva and López Montalvo, Esther and Garrido Pena, Rafael and Pichler, Sandra L. and Guerra, Manuel A. Rojo. (2020) A massacre of early Neolithic farmers in the high Pyrenees at Els Trocs, Spain. Scientific reports, 10 (1). p. 2131.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/75820/

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Abstract

Violence seems deeply rooted in human nature and an endemic potential for such is today frequently associated with differing ethnic, religious or socio-economic backgrounds. Ethnic nepotism is believed to be one of the main causes of inter-group violence in multi-ethnic societies. At the site of Els Trocs in the Spanish Pyrenees, rivalling groups of either migrating early farmers or farmers and indigenous hunter-gatherers collided violently around 5300 BCE. This clash apparently resulted in a massacre of the Els Trocs farmers. The overkill reaction was possibly triggered by xenophobia or massive disputes over resources or privileges. In the present, violence and xenophobia are controlled and sanctioned through social codes of conduct and institutions. So that, rather than representing an insurmountable evolutionary inheritance, violence and ethnic nepotism can be overcome and a sustainable future achieved through mutual respect, tolerance and openness to multi-ethnic societies.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedical Engineering > Imaging and Computational Modelling > Forensic Medicine (Scheurer)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
UniBasel Contributors:Pichler, Sandra L and Alt, Kurt W. and Nicklisch, Nicole and Roth, David and Schulz, Georg and Thieringer, Florian M and Brantner, Philipp and Scheurer, Eva
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer Nature
e-ISSN:2045-2322
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Dec 2020 10:22
Deposited On:30 Dec 2020 10:22

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