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Vaccination with virosomally formulated recombinant CyRPA elicits protective anti against Plasmodium falciparum parasites in preclinical in vitro and in vivo modelsbodies

Tamborrini, Marco and Hauser, Julia and Schäfer, Anja and Amacker, Mario and Favuzza, Paola and Kyungtak, Kwak and Fleury, Sylvain and Pluschke, Gerd. (2020) Vaccination with virosomally formulated recombinant CyRPA elicits protective anti against Plasmodium falciparum parasites in preclinical in vitro and in vivo modelsbodies. NPJ vaccines, 5. p. 9.

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Abstract

The; Plasmodium falciparum; (; Pf; ) cysteine-rich protective antigen (; Pf; CyRPA) has emerged as a promising blood-stage candidate antigen for inclusion into a broadly cross-reactive malaria vaccine. This highly conserved protein among various geographical strains plays a key role in the red blood cell invasion process by; P. falciparum; merozoites, and antibodies against; Pf; CyRPA can efficiently prevent the entry of the malaria parasites into red blood cells. The aim of the present study was to develop a human-compatible formulation of the; Pf; CyRPA vaccine candidate and confirming its activity in preclinical studies. Recombinant; Pf; CyRPA expressed in HEK 293 cells was chemically coupled to phosphoethanolamine and then incorporated into the membrane of unadjuvanted influenza virosomes approved as antigen delivery system for humans. Laboratory animals were immunised with the virosome-based; Pf; CyRPA vaccine to determine its immunogenic properties and in particular, its capacity to elicit parasite binding and growth-inhibitory antibodies. The vaccine elicited in mice and rabbits high titers of; Pf; CyRPA-specific antibodies that bound to the blood-stage parasites. At a concentration of 10 mg/mL, purified total serum IgG from immunised rabbits inhibited parasite growth in vitro by about 80%. Furthermore, in a; P. falciparum; infection mouse model, passive transfer of 10 mg of purified total IgG from; Pf; CyRPA vaccinated rabbits reduced the in vivo parasite load by 77%. Influenza virosomes thus represent a suitable antigen delivery system for the induction of protective antibodies against the recombinant; Pf; CyRPA, designating it as a highly suitable component for inclusion into a multivalent and multi-stage virosomal malaria vaccine.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Molecular Immunology (Pluschke)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Tamborrini, Marco and Hauser, Julia and Schäfer, Anja and Favuzza, Paola and Kwak, Kyungtak and Pluschke, Gerd
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2059-0105
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:05 Mar 2020 12:04
Deposited On:05 Mar 2020 12:04

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