Inhomogeneous Chemical Evolution of r-Process Elements in the Galactic Halo

Wehmeyer, Benjamin and Fröhlich, Carla and Pignatari, Marco and Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl. (2019) Inhomogeneous Chemical Evolution of r-Process Elements in the Galactic Halo. In: Nuclei in the Cosmos XV, 219. Cham, pp. 91-96.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/75115/

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The origin of the heaviest elements is still a matter of debate. For the rapid neutron capture process (“r-process”), multiple sites have been proposed, e.g., neutron star mergers and (sub-classes) of supernovae (e.g., [1, 2, 3, 4]). R-process elements have been measured in a large fraction of metal-poor stars [5]. Galactic archeology studies show that the r-process abundances among these stars vary by over two orders of magnitude. On the other hand, abundances in stars in the galactic disk do not differ greatly. This leads to two major open questions: (1) What is the reason for such a huge abundance scatter of r-process elements in the early galaxy? (2) While the large scatter at low metallicities might point to a rare production site, why is there barely any scatter at solar-like metallicities? We use the high resolution ((20 pc)3/cell) inhomogeneous chemical evolution tool “ICE” to study the role of the contributing source(s) of r-process elements. Our main findings are that in addition to neutron star mergers, a second, early acting site is necessary. We assume “magnetorotationally driven supernovae” as this additional and earlier r-process site and conclude that our simulations with an adequate combination of these two sites successfully reproduce the observed r-process elemental abundances in the Galactic halo. Finally, we discuss the potential role of neutron star-black hole mergers as alternative earlier r-process site.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item, refereed
Conference or workshop item Subtype:Conference Paper
Series Name:Springer Proceedings in Physics
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Conference paper
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Sep 2020 15:14
Deposited On:10 Mar 2020 10:50

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