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Weight change and blood glucose concentration as markers for pancreatic cancer in subjects with new-onset diabetes mellitus: A matched case-control study

Mueller, Alexandra M. and Meier, Christoph R. and Jick, Susan S. and Schneider, Cornelia. (2019) Weight change and blood glucose concentration as markers for pancreatic cancer in subjects with new-onset diabetes mellitus: A matched case-control study. Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.], 19 (4). pp. 578-586.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74305/

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Abstract

To evaluate the potential of blood glucose levels and weight change before the onset of diabetes as predictors of pancreatic cancer among subjects with new-onset diabetes, that is, cancer-related diabetes versus normal type 2 diabetes.; We conducted a case-control study among subjects with new diabetes in the United Kingdom-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Cases were pancreatic cancer subjects with diabetes for ≤2 years before the cancer diagnosis (i.e., cancer-related diabetes). Controls were cancer-free, type 2 diabetic subjects matched to cases on age, sex, and diabetes duration. We calculated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for pancreatic cancer as a function of both weight change and blood glucose before the onset of diabetes.; Weight loss of 10.0%-14.9% at diabetes onset was associated with an aOR for pancreatic cancer of 3.58 (95% CI 2.31-5.54), loss of ≥15.0%, with an aOR of 4.56 (95% CI 2.82-7.36), compared with stable weight. Blood glucose levels of ≤5.1 mmol/L or 5.2-5.6 mmol/L before diabetes onset were associated with an increased risk of a pancreatic cancer diagnosis, with aORs of 2.42 (95% CI 1.60-3.66) and 2.20 (95% CI 1.45-3.35), respectively, when compared with blood glucose levels ≥6.3 mmol/L within >2-3 years before cancer detection.; Weight loss as well as blood glucose levels in the normal range (and thus rapid development of hyperglycemia) before diabetes onset may be predictive of pancreatic cancer-related diabetes and may help target which subjects with new diabetes to refer for pancreatic cancer screening examinations.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1424-3911
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 May 2020 10:25
Deposited On:27 May 2020 10:25

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