A Contextual Analysis to Explore Barriers and Facilitators of Pain Management in Swiss Nursing Homes

Brunkert, Thekla and Simon, Michael and Ruppen, Wilhelm and Zúñiga, Franziska. (2020) A Contextual Analysis to Explore Barriers and Facilitators of Pain Management in Swiss Nursing Homes. Journal of Nursing Scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, 52 (1). pp. 14-22.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74162/

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As part of a contextual analysis, this study aimed to generate a comprehensive understanding of barriers and facilitators to pain management in nursing homes to identify potential leverage points for future implementation studies. An explanatory sequential mixed-methods study embedded in a cross-sectional study in 20 Swiss nursing homes (data collection: July-December 2016). Quantitative data were collected via care worker questionnaire surveys comprising 20 items assessing perceptions of barriers to pain management. Descriptive statistics were computed. In the subsequent qualitative strand we conducted four focus group discussions with care workers (registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and nursing aides) using a knowledge-mapping approach. Findings of both strands were merged and mapped onto domains of the Capability, Opportunity, and Motivation determine Behavior (COM-B) system, a model for behavior, to identify determinants for behavior change. Data from 343 completed care worker surveys (response rate 67.3%) and four focus groups with care workers were analyzed. Items rated most problematic were as follows: lack of availability of nonpharmacological treatment (60.9%), lack of application of nonpharmacological treatment (53.6%), reluctance of residents to report pain (51.1%), and lack of time for a comprehensive pain assessment (50.5%). Focus groups partly corroborated quantitative findings and complemented them with facilitators, such as close collaboration with physicians and further barriers (e.g., organizational factors such as high turnover and a lack of established routines in pain management). Our approach using a behavioral model highlighted a need for implementation strategies that improve pain management knowledge and focus on motivational aspects to establish new routines and habits related to pain management among care workers. Our findings suggest that future approaches to improve pain management in nursing homes should go beyond provision of education and training. To establish new practices or adapt existing ones, a more complex approach (e.g., introduction of external or internal facilitators) is necessary to influence motivation and ultimately change behavior.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Institut für Pflegewissenschaft
UniBasel Contributors:Brunkert, Thekla and Simon, Michael and Zuniga, Franziska
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Jan 2020 09:01
Deposited On:13 Jan 2020 09:01

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