Vasopressin and Copeptin in health and disease

Christ-Crain, Mirjam. (2019) Vasopressin and Copeptin in health and disease. Reviews in endocrine & metabolic disorders, 20 (3). pp. 283-294.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74137/

Downloads: Statistics Overview


Arginine Vasopressin (AVP) and copeptin derive from the same precursor molecule. Due to the equimolar secretion, copeptin responds as rapidly as AVP to osmotic, hemodynamic and unspecific stress-related stimuli and both peptides show a very strong correlation. The physiological functions of AVP are homeostasis of fluid balance, vascular tonus and regulation of the endocrine stress response. In contrast, the exact function of copeptin remains unknown. Since copeptin, in contrast to AVP, can easily be measured with a sandwich immunoassay, its main function so far that it indirectly indicates the amount of AVP in the circulation. Copeptin has emerged as a useful measure in different diseases. On one hand, through its characteristics as a marker of stress, it provides a unique measure of the individual stress burden. As such, it is a prognostic marker in different acute diseases such as ischemic stroke or myocardial infarction. On the other side, it has emerged as a promising marker in the diagnosis of AVP-dependent fluid disorders. Copeptin reliably differentiates various entities of the polyuria polydipsia syndrome; baseline levels >20 pmol/L without prior fluid deprivation identify patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, whereas levels measured upon osmotic stimulation with hypertonic saline or upon non-osmotic stimulation with arginine differentiate primary polydipsia from central diabetes insipidus. In patients with hyponatremia, low levels of copeptin together with low urine osmolality identify patients with primary polydipsia, but copeptin levels overlap in all other causes of hyponatremia, limiting its diagnostic use in hyponatremia. Copeptin has also been put forward as predictive marker for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and for diabetes mellitus, but more studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie > Endokrinologie (Christ-Crain)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie > Endokrinologie (Christ-Crain)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Christ-Crain, Mirjam
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:20 Aug 2020 15:47
Deposited On:20 Aug 2020 15:47

Repository Staff Only: item control page