A dynamical model for invasive round goby populations reveals efficient and effective management options

N'Guyen, Anouk and Hirsch, Philipp E. and Bozzuto, Claudio and Adrian-Kalchhauser, Irene and Hôrková, Kristína and Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia. (2018) A dynamical model for invasive round goby populations reveals efficient and effective management options. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55 (1). pp. 342-352.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/74064/

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1. When prevention of invasive species' introductions fails, society faces the challenge to manage invasive species in an effective and efficient way. The success of this depends on biological aspects and on cooperation between decision makers and scientists. Using the case of the round goby Neogobius melanostomus, one of Europe's "worst invasive species", we propose an approach guiding scientists to co-produce effective and efficient population control measures in collaboration with decision makers.2. We surveyed the effectiveness, urgency and simplicity perceived by decision makers as well as the support of two population control options: removal of eggs and/or adults. Using a field study and a dynamical population model, we investigated the effectiveness and efficiency for both options in different population contexts.3. Decision makers initially seemed to lack a clear preference for either control option. After being presented with preliminary field and modelling results, decision makers mostly approved measures being developed to implement the two control options.4. Starting population control early after detecting the species requires in total fewer years for eradication than controlling an established population: to reach an eradication success rate of 95%, 13 years for early start vs. 18 years for late start are needed when removing eggs and adults; when removing adults only, 20 vs. 29 years are needed. Removing eggs and adults combined results in a yearly effort of 5.01 h/m(2), while removing adults only results in a yearly effort of 1.76 h/m(2). Thus, removing adults only proves to be the most efficient option to eradicate the population. Nonetheless, considerable effort is needed: when removing less than 57% of the adult population, eradication is not feasible, even assuming low survival and fecundity rates for the population. Furthermore, inflow of new propagules renders eradication efforts ineffective.5. Synthesis and applications. Scientists who aim to support decision makers in finding an optimal control strategy for invasive species need to be able to provide scientific knowledge on effectiveness and efficiency of different options. For round goby and most non-native species, eradication is only feasible if started early in recently arrived populations and if inflow of new propagules can be prevented.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Aquatische Ökologie (Holm)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften
UniBasel Contributors:Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia and Adrian-Kalchhauser, Irene
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Aug 2020 15:41
Deposited On:03 Apr 2020 14:29

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