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Rumination on Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts Affects the Urge to Neutralize in Nonclinical Individuals

Wahl, Karina and van den Hout, Marcel and Lieb, Roselind. (2019) Rumination on Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts Affects the Urge to Neutralize in Nonclinical Individuals. Journal of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, 20. pp. 4-12.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/73072/

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Abstract

Rumination on symptoms of mental disorders is involved in the onset and maintenance of these symptoms across a range of mental disorders. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether rumination on unwanted intrusive thoughts (UITs) has an immediate causal effect on discomfort, urge to do something about the UITs (i.e., to neutralize) and frequency of the UITs, as well as on depressed mood. A UIT was activated by asking nonclinical participants to write down a sentence stating that they wished a loved one would die in a horrible car accident. During the experimental manipulation, they were instructed to ruminate on their UIT, to ruminate on negative mood, or to distract themselves by thinking about everyday objects and situations. Individuals who had previously ruminated on the UIT had an attenuated reduction of the urge to neutralize compared to individuals who had previously engaged in rumination on negative mood or those who were distracted. Results indicate that thinking repetitively about a UIT prevents decay of the urge to engage in behaviors to undo it but does not influence discomfort or depressed mood associated with it. This phenomenon may be involved in the maintenance of UITs, for example, in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind and Wahl, Karina
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2211-3649
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Sep 2020 09:09
Deposited On:21 Sep 2020 06:53

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