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Health impact assessment and health equity in sub-Saharan Africa : a scoping review

Leuenberger, A. and Farnham, A. and Azevedo, S. and Cossa, H. and Dietler, D. and Nimako, B. and Adongo, P. B. and Merten, S. and Utzinger, J. and Winkler, M. S.. (2019) Health impact assessment and health equity in sub-Saharan Africa : a scoping review. Environmental impact assessment review, 79. p. 106288.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71686/

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Abstract

Background:Naturalresourceextractionprojectscanhavepositivebutalsonegativeeffectsonthehealthofaffectedcommunities, governed by demographic, economic, environmental, physical and social changes. Negative effectsoftenprevailandthesemightwidenexistinghealthinequities.Healthimpactassessment(HIA)isadecision-supporttool that aims at maximizing benefits and minimizing negative impacts on people's health. A core value of HIA isequity; yet, little is known about health equity in the frame of HIA, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.Methodology:Weconducteda scopingreview todetermine whetherand towhat extent HIAin sub-Saharan Africaaddresses health equity. We included peer-reviewed publications and guidelines pertaining to HIA, environmentalimpact assessment (EIA) and social impact assessment (SIA). Health equity was investigated by identifying (i) howhealth considerations were addressed and (ii) whether health was stratified by subgroups of the community.Results:Out of 1′640 raw hits, we identified 62 articles (16 HIA, 36 EIA, one SIA and nine integrated assess-ments),32ofwhichspecificallyaddressedhealth.While20articlesfocusedonaspecifichealthtopic,12articlesusedamorecomprehensiveapproachtoaddresshealth.In15articlestherewerespecificsubgroupanalyses(e.g.mothers, children or marginalized groups) as a measure of health equity. Another 12 papers referred to thecommunity in a more general way (e.g. affected). Without exception, health was an integral part of the nineincluded guidelines. HIA guidelines addressed health systematically through environmental health areas, riskassessment matrix or key performance indicators.Conclusions:We found evidence that previously conducted HIA in sub-Saharan Africa and current guidelinesaddresshealthequity.However,thereisaneedtostratifycommunitysubgroupsmoresystematicallyinordertodeterminehealthdifferentialsbetter.FutureHIAshouldconsidercommunityheterogeneityinanefforttoreducehealth inequities by "leaving no one behind", as suggested by the Sustainable Development Goals
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Society, Gender and Health > Gender and Inequities (Merten)
UniBasel Contributors:Leuenberger, Andrea and Farnham, Andrea and Azevedo, Sophie and Cossa, Herminio Fernando Humberto and Dietler, Dominik and Nimako, Belinda and Merten, Sonja and Utzinger, Jürg and Winkler, Mirko
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0195-9255
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:13 Aug 2019 07:39
Deposited On:13 Aug 2019 07:39

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