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An event-related potential investigation of the acute effects of aerobic and coordinative exercise on inhibitory control in children with ADHD

Ludyga, Sebastian and Brand, Serge and Gerber, Markus and Weber, Peter and Brotzmann, Mark and Habibifar, Fahimeh and Pühse, Uwe. (2017) An event-related potential investigation of the acute effects of aerobic and coordinative exercise on inhibitory control in children with ADHD. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 28. pp. 21-28.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71391/

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Abstract

The current body of evidence suggests that an aerobic exercise session has a beneficial effect on inhibitory control, whereas the impact of coordinative exercise on this executive function has not yet been examined in children with ADHD. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the acute effects of aerobic and coordinative exercise on behavioral performance and the allocation of attentional resources in an inhibitory control task. Using a cross-over design, children with ADHD-combined type and healthy comparisons completed a Flanker task before and after 20min moderately-intense cycling exercise, coordinative exercise and an inactive control condition. During the task, stimulus-locked event-related potentials were recorded with electroencephalography. Both groups showed an increase of P300 amplitude and decrease of reaction time after exercise compared to the control condition. Investigating the effect of exercise modality, aerobic exercise led to greater increases of P300 amplitude and reductions in reaction time than coordinative exercise in children with ADHD. The findings suggest that a single exercise bout improves inhibitory control and the allocation of attentional resources. There were some indications that an aerobic exercise session seems to be more efficient than coordinative exercise in reducing the inhibitory control deficits that persist in children with ADHD.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Klinische Stress- und Traumaforschung (Holsboer-Trachsler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Klinische Stress- und Traumaforschung (Holsboer-Trachsler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (Pühse)
UniBasel Contributors:Brand, Serge
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1878-9293
e-ISSN:1878-9307
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Apr 2020 13:22
Deposited On:10 Apr 2020 13:22

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