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Effects of smoking bans on passive smoking exposure at work and at home. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey

Olivieri, Mario and Murgia, Nicola and Carsin, Anne-Elie and Heinrich, Joachim and Benke, Geza and Bono, Roberto and Corsico, Angelo Guido and Demoly, Pascal and Forsberg, Bertil and Gislason, Thorarinn and Janson, Christer and Jõgi, Rain and Leynaert, Bénédicte and Martínez-Moratalla Rovira, Jesús and Norbäck, Dan and Nowak, Dennis and Pascual, Silvia and Pin, Isabelle and Probst-Hensch, Nicole and Raherison, Chantal and Sigsgaard, Torben and Svanes, Cecilie and Torén, Kjell and Urrutia, Isabel and Weyler, Joost and Jarvis, Deborah and Zock, Jan-Paul and Verlato, Giuseppe. (2019) Effects of smoking bans on passive smoking exposure at work and at home. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey. Indoor air : international journal of indoor environment and health, 29 (4). pp. 670-679.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/71271/

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Abstract

This longitudinal study investigated whether smoking bans influence passive smoking at work and/or at home in the same subjects. Passive smoking at work and/or at home was investigated in random population samples (European Community Respiratory Health Survey) in 1990-1995, with follow-up interviews in 1998-2003 and 2010-2014. National smoking bans were classified as partial (restricted to public workplaces) or global (extended to private workplaces). Multivariable analysis was accomplished by three-level logistic regression models, where level-1, level-2, and level-3 units were, respectively, questionnaire responses, subjects, and centers. Passive smoking at work was reported by 31.9% in 1990-1995, 17.5% in 1998-2003, and 2.5% in 2010-2014. Concurrently, passive smoking at home decreased from 28.9% to 18.2% and 8.8%. When controlling for sex, age, education, smoking status, and ECHRS wave, the odds of passive smoking at work was markedly reduced after global smoking bans (OR = 0.45, 95% CI 0.25-0.81), particularly among non-smokers, while the protective effect of global smoking bans on passive smoking at home was only detected in non-smokers. Smoking bans both in public and private workplaces were effective in reducing passive smoking at work in Europe. However, given the inefficacy of smoking bans in current smokers' dwellings, better strategies are needed to avoid smoking indoors.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Genetic Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases (Probst-Hensch)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Genetic Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases (Probst-Hensch)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Probst Hensch, Nicole
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0905-6947
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Jul 2019 13:45
Deposited On:10 Jul 2019 13:45

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