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Exploring the predictive power of the unspecific risk category of the Basel Screening Instrument for Psychosis

Peralta, David and Studerus, Erich and Andreou, Christina and Beck, Katharina and Ittig, Sarah and Leanza, Letizia and Egloff, Laura and Riecher-Rössler, Anita. (2018) Exploring the predictive power of the unspecific risk category of the Basel Screening Instrument for Psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. pp. 1-8.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/70602/

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Abstract

Aim: Ultrahigh risk (UHR) criteria, consisting of brief limited intermittent psychotic symptoms (BLIPS), attenuated psychotic symptoms (APS) and genetic risk and deterioration (GRD) syndrome are the most widely used criteria for assessing the clinical high-risk state for psychosis (CHR-P). The Basel Screening Instrument for Psychosis (BSIP) includes a further risk category, the unspecific risk category (URC). However, little is known about the predictive power of this risk category compared to other risk categories. Methods Two hundred CHR-P patients were detected as part of the Früherkennung von Psychosen (FePsy) study using the BSIP. Transition to psychosis was assessed in regular intervals for up to 7 years. Results Patients meeting only the URC criterion (n = 40) had a significantly lower risk of transition to psychosis than the UHR group (including BLIPS, APS and GRD) (HR 0.19 [0.05; 0.80] (P = 0.024). Furthermore, the URC only risk group had a lower transition risk than the APS without BLIPS group (P = 0.015) and a trendwise lower risk than the BLIPS group (P = 0.066). However, despite the lower transition risk in the URC only group, there were still two patients (5%) in this group with a later transition to psychosis. Conclusions The URC includes patients who have a lower risk of transition than those included by the UHR categories and thereby increases the sensitivity of the BSIP. This offers the possibility of a stratified intervention, with these subjects receiving low intensity follow-up and treatment.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
UniBasel Contributors:Riecher-Rössler, Anita and Studerus, Erich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1751-7885
e-ISSN:1751-7893
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:22 Aug 2019 14:11
Deposited On:28 May 2019 12:37

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