Informing the medical education reform in Tajikistan : evidence on the learning environment at two nursing colleges

Schubiger, Markus and Lechthaler, Filippo and Khamidova, Mohira and Parfitt, Barbara Ann and Prytherch, Helen and van Twillert, Erik and Wyss, Kaspar. (2019) Informing the medical education reform in Tajikistan : evidence on the learning environment at two nursing colleges. BMC medical education, 19. p. 85.

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The Tajik medical education system is undergoing a complex reform to enhance the transition of the healthcare system from its soviet legacy of emphasizing secondary level care/specialisation to become more family medicine and primary health care oriented. The current study presents the first empirical evaluation of the educational environment for nursing students in Tajikistan using the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM). The study results contribute to the benchmarking efforts of monitoring and positively steering the educational environment over time.; The study was based on a cross-sectional survey involving 630 nursing students at two nursing colleges in Tajikistan. Students' perception of the learning environment was measured using the DREEM. Internal consistency was examined using Cronbach's alpha. General scores were calculated and measured against international benchmarks. Data was further interpreted by comparing DREEM scores between students of different sex, at different colleges and different study years using T tests.; Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.30 to 0.75 with an overall alpha of 0.89. General DREEM scores were slightly above average compared to similar studies with nursing students in other countries. In particular, results showed that students' academic self-perception and teachers' technical competences were generally favourably rated. Teachers' pedagogical skills were critically perceived by the study participants and teaching was generally viewed as too teacher-centred with an over-emphasis on factual learning.; Statistical results indicated acceptable levels of reliability of the DREEM tool when applied to the Tajik nursing educational context. Students rated the learning environment as generally satisfactory with average scores similar or slightly higher than comparable scores from similar studies involving nursing students. However, the on-going educational reform could have placed more emphasis on developing faculty pedagogical skills in nursing schools. Teaching approaches would benefit from being more competency based rather than so heavily focused on factual knowledge.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Swiss Centre for International Health (SCIH) > Systems Strengthening and Health Promotion (Prytherch)
UniBasel Contributors:Schubiger, Markus and Lechthaler, Filippo and Prytherch, Helen and Wyss, Kaspar
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Mar 2019 08:32
Deposited On:28 Mar 2019 08:32

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