The Roads of Decentralization: The History of Rural Road Construction in Ethiopia

Emmenegger, Rony. (2012) The Roads of Decentralization: The History of Rural Road Construction in Ethiopia. NCCR North-South Dialogue, (39).

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Roads, in particular rural roads, play a major role in deve- lopment. In Ethiopia, where the vast majority of the popula- tion depends on agricultural production, this is even more so, and the country's road network has become a major po- licy issue with significant consequences for the population. An extensive network of 114,397 km of different roads has been constructed, maintained, and classified to date. Alt- hough community roads account for nearly two-thirds of the country's total road network, virtually no work deals specifically with issues related to their construction. In an attempt to address this lack of information, this paper traces the history of the classified road network and of the governmental sector that has been in charge of its construc- tion, in order to shed light on current policies and practices. While regimes and policies have changed, roads have remai- ned important throughout the history of modern Ethiopia, and the road network has continuously grown, outliving its creators. Based on qualitative research methods, the paper provides useful insights about the role of rural roads in the country's development policy, their relation to the process of decentralisation, and their construction at the local level. As such, the findings of this study contribute to a better understanding of state-led development in a decentralised setting, and shed light on the ways development policies collide with local realities.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Nachhaltigkeitsforschung > Nachhaltigkeitsforschung (Burger)
UniBasel Contributors:Emmenegger, Rony
Item Type:Working Paper
Publisher:NCCR North-South
Number of Pages:53
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
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Last Modified:08 Dec 2020 13:46
Deposited On:08 Dec 2020 13:46

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