A cross-sectional examination of physical activity levels and their socio-demographic determinants in Southern Tanzania

Msambichaka, Beverly and Abdul, Ramadhani and Abdulla, Salim and Klatser, Paul and Tanner, Marcel and Kaushik, Ramaiya and Bringolf-Isler, Bettina and Geubbels, Eveline and Eze, Ikenna C.. (2018) A cross-sectional examination of physical activity levels and their socio-demographic determinants in Southern Tanzania. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15 (6). p. 1054.

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Physical activity is essential for healthy aging. Evidence suggests that vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) may be more beneficial than moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA). We examined physical activity levels (MPA, VPA and total physical activity), and their socio-demographic determinants in 2311 participants (15⁻93 years; 68% women) of the MZIMA Open Community Cohort, who had complete relevant data. Physical activity levels were estimated in minutes per week across three domains-work, leisure and transport. We created three outcome variables: low MPA (<150 min per week of MPA), low VPA (<75 min per week of VPA) and insufficient physical activity (IPA: <150 min per week of total physical activity) and applied sample-weighted multivariable logistic regression to assess associations with potential socio-demographic determinants. Prevalence of IPA, low MPA and low VPA were 25%, 26% and 65% respectively. IPA and low MPA were correlated (Spearman R = 0.98;; p; < 0.001). Work, leisure and transport contributed 54%, 25% and 21% to total physical activity respectively. IPA and low VPA were significantly associated with female sex, lower education, non-manual occupation and frequent fruit consumption. We observed significant differences by sex (; P; heterogeneity; < 0.001), on the associations between education and IPA, and between age, occupation and low VPA. In conclusion, low levels of VPA, which were more pronounced in women, support the monitoring and promotion of VPA alongside overall physical activity. Leisure-related activities should also be promoted towards gains in vigorous-intensity and total physical activity in this setting.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Msambichaka, Beverly and Tanner, Marcel and Bringolf, Bettina and Eze, Ikenna C.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Mar 2019 13:41
Deposited On:01 Mar 2019 13:41

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